Format and Style of Articles
There are two kinds of contributions: Explorations are primarily theoretical articles that focus on historical, sociological, anthropological approaches to television and have a European focus. Discoveries focus on (national) case studies, empirical work, methodological reflections, discussion of archival sources, news from archives.
1. Both discoveries and explorations undergo a double-blind review process. Reviewers are selected by the guest editors of each issue.
2. The average length of articles in each section is 3000-6000 words.
3. Articles need to be web-friendly. Authors need to reflect on the characteristics of the medium they are writing in and for. We encourage authors to think of their text as a non-linear narrative. This means the readers are also “viewers”: they not only read, but also see the texts on screen. The screen is therefore the basic visual frame for the presentation of texts. Within this frame, you should apply the following rules:
- Always provide a stimulating headline
- The main statement / argument has to be presented first (not as a conclusion at the end)
- Write in chunks / separate paragraphs that contain one clear message / idea
- Use an active style (based on verbs, not nouns)
- Think of html-environment as a multi-media narrative platform: don’t think of photographs / audiovisual sources as “illustrations” of your text, but make them a relevant (probably most relevant) part of your story!
- Try to engage with the readers by confronting them with questions, strong statements, offering alternative views (by including external links)
4. Articles must make use of audiovisual / visual sources available on the EUscreen platform or contain links to other audiovisual sources available online (YouTube, etc.).
5. Articles have to comply with academic standards of scientific writing (references, footnotes, quotations). See details on the house style of the journal below.
Discovery articles should mainly aim at:
- Stimulating the curiosity of the reader:
- By offering interesting glimpses, for instance by inviting the reader to visit the homepage of the project / archive presented in order to get deeper knowledge
- By presenting interesting / new / rare audiovisual material
- By using audiovisual media as part of the story/argument, therefore demonstrating the added value of publishing the article in an online environment rather than a printed journal.
- Building bridges between archival and academic communities
- By offering information on how to access material in archives and cultural heritage institutions
- By inviting scholars to work with the material and the sources presented.
Exploratory articles should mainly aim at:
- Making a contribution to theoretical or methodological debates in the field of television history:
- By situating the discussions in the article within the state of the art debates on the topic
- By providing overarching arguments/reflections that go beyond the analysis/discussion of isolated case studies
- Present research on issues related to television history and culture from a European perspective
- By situation your arguments within a European context
- By providing comparisons with or references to television in other European countries
The following guidelines are intended to help ease the reviewing and editing process. Please ensure that articles submitted to VIEW comply with these guidelines to avoid delays in the production process or rejection of the article. The style should be consistent throughout the article and compatible with the rest of the journal. Feel free look at already published articles in order to get an impression of how an article should look like – but of course do not add your author information (affiliation, address and short biography) when submitting the first draft!
- Provide an abstract (approximately 100 words) and 5-8 keywords (separated by commas) at the beginning of the article.
- Use UK punctuation throughout the article.
- Use UK spelling consistently throughout the article, but retain US spelling in American proper names, such as Pearl Harbor, or in quotes originating from US publications.
- Capitalize all titles, subtitles and section titles, except for articles (a, an, the), coordinating conjunctions, and prepositions, which need to be in lower-case (e.g. VIEW Journal of European Television History and Culture).
- Number all sections and sub-sections (e.g.: 1 Introduction, 2 Section 1, 2.1 Sub-Section to Section 1, 2.2 The Next Sub-Section, etc.).
- Number all images and videos and provide them with a caption (e.g. Figure 1. Screengrab of so-and-so scene / Video 1. So-and-so scene from so-and-so tv series).
- Clearly mark in the text when a video should be embedded (e.g. Embed Video 1 here).
- Use hyperlinks instead of loose links throughout the text (e.g. VIEW Journal). Please double-check to make sure all links work.
- Use italics for programme and publication titles only. Use bold letters for emphasis (only where it is needed).
- Indent all quotations longer than 2 lines. Shorter quotes can be indented if they are important for the argument.
- Paragraphs should be separated by one spacing (no indentation when starting a new paragraph).
Notes and references
Citing film or television
- Use italics for titles of TV programmes (but not episodes), videos, films, plays or radio shows throughout the article, ie The Sopranos (1999-2007); The Social Network (2010).
- When citing a character for the first time, include full name and actor (in brackets): e.g. Carmela Soprano (Edie Falco). Thereafter use character name (or how they are most commonly known), unless discussing the actor’s performance.
- When offering an example from a particular programme, always cite the episode used. The title in quotation marks, followed by a comma, the season (as number), colon and space, the episode (as number): e.g. ‘Pilot,’ 1: 1.
Please provide a complete list of all programmes/films cited at the end.
- All references should have an endnote and be numbered —1, 2, 3 and so on—consecutively throughout the article.
- With regard to the note number system, numbers should be in arabic superscript1
- When citing different sources in one endnote, they should be listed separated by semicolons, e.g.: 13 John Hartley, Uses of Television, Routledge, 1999, p. 3; Michele Hilmes, ‘The Bad Object: Television in the American Academy,’ Cinema Journal, 45, 1, Fall 2005, 113.
Citation for publications
Books: John Hartley, Uses of Television, Routledge, 1999, p. 3. (Or: John Hartley, Uses of Television, Routledge, 1999, pp. 3-5. – when referring to multiple pages)
Edited collections: Kim Akass and Janet McCabe, eds, Reading Sex and the City: Critical Approaches, I. B. Tauris, 2004.
Books or edited collections with multiple authors or editors: Bernadette Casey, Neil Casey, Ben Calvert, Liam French, and Justin Lewis, eds, Television Studies: The Key Concepts, Routledge, 2007. (thereafter Casey et al., eds, Television Studies, 2007 – see also the bullet points below for instructions on repeatedly citing the same source)
Chapters in edited collections: Walter Benjamin, ‘The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,’ in Hannah Arendt, ed, Illuminations, Schocken Books, 1968, p. 220.
Conference papers: William Uricchio, ‘Moving beyond the artifact: lessons from participatory culture’, paper presented at the UNESCO/KNAW conference Preserving the Digital Heritage, The Hague, 4-5 November 2005.
Journals/newspapers: Michele Hilmes, ‘The Bad Object: Television in the American Academy,’ Cinema Journal, 45, 1, Fall 2005, 113.
Citation from web sources: Sarah Hughes, ‘Boardwalk Empire State of Mind,’ Guardian, 20 January 2011, http://www.guardian.co.uk/tv-and-radio/2011/jan/20/boardwalk-empire-martin-scorsese
Kindle: Referencing system same as books (see above), but after the year include ‘e-book’, and, if page numbers are available, include, ‘Kindle Locations’ followed by the pages: e.g. Stieg Larsson, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, trans. Reg Keeland, Maclehouse Press, 2010, e-book, Kindle Locations 147-55.
- Speaker, followed by title of extra (maximum capitalization, in single quotation marks).
- Identify disk number, ‘Bonus Features,’ title of series, production company and date.
Example: Matthew Graham, ‘Take a Look at the Lawman: The Making of Life on Mars, Part 1,’ Disk 1, Bonus Features, Life on Mars: The Complete Series One, Contender Home Entertainment, 2006
Thereafter: Graham, ‘Take a Look at the Lawman,’ 2006.
Archival sources should use the following order: place, reference number of document, status of document, author, title, date, page no. For example: Public Record Office, London (hereafter PRO), T235/134, MAC (52) 153, memo by C. Cottrell, ‘Money,’ 6 August 1952, p. 2.
For sources in languages other than English, please provide the original title and a translation of the main title within brackets, e.g.: Lothar Mikos, Film- und Fernsehanalyse [Film and Television Analysis], UTB, 2003.
When repeatedly citing the same source:
- Use an abbreviated version after the first full citation (e.g. first: Henry Jenkins, Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide, New York, 2006. And thereafter: Jenkins, Convergence Culture, 2006.)
- When citations from the same work follow each other directly use Ibid. or Ibid., p. 7 (in case the page number differs)
- With three or more authors use the first author followed by et al. (e.g. first: Bernadette Casey, Neil Casey, Ben Calvert, Liam French, and Justin Lewis, eds, Television Studies: The Key Concepts, Routledge, 2007. And thereafter: Casey et al., eds, Television Studies, 2007.)
Including audiovisual media in your article
- Upload illustrations as jpeg. files onto the journal platform as well as in the text of the article.
- Always provide a relevant caption/description with your illustrations.
- Provide links for videos that need to be embedded into your article
- Clearly mark in the text where the video should be embedded. E.g. Embed Video 1 here.
- Where possible include in the text both the URL and the embed codes for the videos that need to be embedded
- Always provide a title, and a relevant caption/description with your URL.
- Where relevant and if possible, try to include the following metadata for each clip to be embedded: Title, Broadcaster, Broadcast Date. Caption/Description as relevant for your article.
- Audio files need to be uploaded to an external platform (e.g. SoundCloud) before they can be embedded into the article.
- Please check with the managing editor (Rieke Böhling: email@example.com) and with the publishing support (Erwin Verbruggen: firstname.lastname@example.org) if you need assistance with this.
- Provide the link to your audio file that needs to be embedded into your article.
- Clearly mark in the text where the link should be embedded. E.g. Embed Audio 1 here.
- Always provide a title, and a relevant caption/description with your URL
Copyrights should be cleared before submission of the final draft of the article. If there is no copyright clearance, VIEW cannot publish. Responsibility for copyright clearance rests with the author, and not the publishers/editors.